SAN MARINO WORKSHOP ON ASTROPHYSICS AND COSMOLOGY 


THE NEW SCIENTIFIC ERA BEYOND EINSTEIN FOR MATTER.
Under the leadership of the main expert in the field, Prof. R. M. Santilli, a primary achievement of the 2011 San Marino Workshop for the astrophysics of matter has been the presentation, coordination and advancement of new mathematics, physics and experiments that, by conception, apply for conditions beyond those valid for Einstein theories.
FOREWORD: DATED SEPTEMBER, 25, 2011 Following the release on September 15, 2011, of this report on superluminal speeds and their invariance, on September 22, 2011, CERN released the announcement of having measured neutrinos propagating at speeds bigger than that of light in vacuum, as announced in the world wide newsmedia, such as
September 15, 2011
MAIN RESULTS OF THE 2011 SAN MARINO WORKSHOP FOR MATTER:
Richard Anderson
The universal invariance of locally varying speeds of light C = c/n, where the index of refraction n is a positivedefinite, generally nonlinear function of local characteristics (such as density, temperature, velocity, etc.), was first attempted by Lorentz, but he had to restrict the invariance to the constant c due to basic inefficiencies of Lie's theory for nonlinear systems.
The ItalianAmerican physicist R. M. Santilli achieved a solution of the historical Lorentz problem following decades of research. In fact, Santilli first lifted Lie's theory into a form directly applicable to nonlinear systems, today known as LieSantilli isotheory [1,2], where the prefix "iso" denotes the use of the novel isomathematics. Santilli then achieved the desired universal invariance for C = c/n via the systematic isotopic lifting of all aspects of the Lorentz and Poincare (LP)' symmetry, including the lifting of: the rotational symmetry [3,4]; the SU(2)spin symmetry [5,6]; the Lorentz symmetry in classical formulation [7]; the Lorentz symmetry in operator formulation [8]; the Poincare' symmetry [9]; the spinorial covering of the Poincare' symmetry [10]; and the Minkowskian geometry [11]; with the first general review in monographs [12] and comprehensive treatment in monographs [13].
The new universal invariance is today known as the LorentzPoincare'Santilli (LPS) isosymmetry; it is solely applicable for the propagation of extended particles and electromagnetic waves within physical media where C = c/n is predicted as being smaller or bigger than c depending on local characteristics; and the isosymmetry recovers uniquely and identically the conventional symmetry when motion returns in empty space.
An important prediction of the LPS isosymmetry for the case C = c/n < c, first identified in Refs. [12], is the existence of the shift of the frequency of light propagating within physical media without any relative motion between the source, the medium and the detector, called IssoRedshift and IsoBlueShift, depending on whether light loses to or acquires energy from the medium. This prediction received a first experimental verification in paper [14] (see also Refs. [1517]) and comprehensive experimental verifications in Ref. [18]. The cosmological consequences of these new experimental results are identified in ref. [19].
It should be recalled that, while he quantized "absorption" of "certain" frequencies of light remains out of question, the reduction to photons of "all" electromagnetic waves "propagating" within physical media was first dismissed by Einstein's himself, and recently confirmed by the impossibility of a numerical representation of the experimental data, such as the impossibility of representing angle of refraction (since photons will scatter in all directions), the large reduction of the speed (representable only in a small fraction by photons scattering among molecules), the propagation along a straight line (requiring a large number of photons traversing a large number of atoms and nuclei in a straight line), etc. [14]. This occurrence mandates the general use of Maxwell's electromagnetic "waves" with the resulting emergence of the historical Lorentz problem. The LPS isosymmetry then applies due to its universality established by various authors (see, e.g., Ref. {13]).
Another important prediction of the LPS isosymmetry is that of causal speeds C = C/n arbitrarily bigger than the speed of light in vacuum under the condition that at last some of the interactions are of contact, zerorange, potential type. This prediction has been experimentally verified by G. Nimtz et al. [2022] by transmitting a Beethoven symphony at four times the speed of light in vacuum via the propagation of electromagnetic waves through special guides. The prediction of the LPS isosymmetry for C = c/n > c is additionally verified by recent experiments conducted by A. L. Kholmetskii and his group [23,24], as well as by astrophysical expulsions of masses at speeds bigger than c [25] that have been observed for years.
It should be indicated that causal speeds bigger than the speed of light in vacuum have been measured for decades, e.g., in astrophysics, but they have been dismissed by the orthodox academic community on rounds of the violation of causality based on the tacit assumption of the exact validity of the the LP symmetry under conditions not yet experimentally verified, the reduction of electromagnetic waves to photons and other manipulations intended to restore special relativity. The importance of the LPS isosymmetry is that of having restored a serious science for all electromagnetic waves propagating within physical media whether at speed smaller or bigger than c, the expulsion of matter at superluminal speeds, the tangential speed of hadronic constituents necessarily bigger than c to achieve compatibility with experimental data, and other events beyond the conditions of original conception and experimental verification of special relativity.
Causal speeds bigger than c have been additionally and independently confirmed by all fits of experimental data dealing with the interior of hyperdense hadrons, such as: the synthesis of the neutron from a hydrogen atom inside a stars; the fit of the behavior of the meanlife of unstable hadrons with speed; the BoseEinstein correlations; and other experiments(see Volume IV of Refs. [26] for details and original contributions).
the above lines have been the subject of rather vast mathematical, theoretical and experimental research by numerous scientists from various countries (see the 50 page long bibliography of Vol. I, Ref. [26]). We limit ourselves to the quotation of the general review by I. Gandzha and J. Kadeisvili [27] that also contains a vast bibliography in free pdf download.
[]1] R. M. Santilli, "On a possible Lieadmissible covering of Galilei's relativity in Newtonian mechanics for nonconservative and Galilei formnoninvariant systems," Hadronic J. {\bf 1}, 223423 (1978), available in free pdf download from
[2] R. M. Santilli, Foundation of Theoretical Mechanics, Volume I (1978) [10a], and Volume II (1982) [10b], SpringerVerlag, Heidelberg, Germany,
[3] R. M. Santilli, ''Isotopies of Lie symmetries, II" Hadronic J. {\bf 8}, 85 (1985),
[4] R. M. Santilli, ''Isotopies of Lie symmetries, I" Hadronic J. {\bf 8}, 36 (1985),
[5] R. M. Santilli, JINR rapid Comm. {\bf 6}. 2438 (1993),
[6] R. M. Santilli, Acta Applicandae Mathematicae {\bf 50}, 177 (1998),
\[7] R. M. Santilli, Lettere Nuovo Cimento {\bf 37} 545 (1983),
[8] R. M. Santilli, Lettere Nuovo Cimento {\bf 38}, 509 (1983),
[9] R. M. Santilli, Moscow Phys. Soc. {\bf 3}, 255 (1993),
[10] R. M. Santilli, "Recent theoretical and experimental evidence on the synthesis of the neutron," Communication of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Russia,
No. E493252 (1993), pub;oisjed in the ] Chinese J. System Engineering and Electronics {\bf 6}, 177 (1995,
[11] R. M. Santilli, Intern. J. Modern Phys. D {\bf 7}, 351 (1998),
[12] R. M. Santilli, Isotopic Generalizations of Galilei
and Einstein Relativities, Vol.~I (1991) [12a] and Vol. ~II (1991) [12b], Hadronic
Press, Palm Harbor, Florida,
[13] R. M. Santilli, Elements of Hadronic Mechanics, Volumes I and II, Ukraine Academy of Sciences, Kiev, 1995,
[14] R. M. Santilli, The Open Astronomy Journal, 2010, Vol. 3, page 143m
[15] R. M. Santilli, Contributed paper in the Proceedings of the International Conference on Numerical Analysis and Applied Mathematics, Rhodes, Greece, September 1925, 2010, T. E. Simos, Editor, AIP Conference Proceedings Vol. 1281, pp. 882885 (2010)
[16] R. M. Santillim Contributed paper in Cosmology, Quantum Vacuum, and Zeta Functions,
Diego S‡ezG—mez ¥ Sergei Odintsov Sebastiˆ Xamb— Editors, Springer, 2011.
[17] R. Anderson, Confirmation of Santilli IsoRedShift and IsoBlueShift
[18] G. West and G. Amato, Independent Experimental Confirmation of Santilli's IsoRedShift and IsoBlueShift, to appear in the Proceedings of the 2011 San Marino Workshop in Astrophysics and Cosmology for Matter and Antimatter
[19] R. M. Santilli, Absence of Universe Expansion, Expansion Acceleration, Big Bang, Dark Matter and Dark Energy from the Experimental Confirmation of IsoRedShifts and IsoBlueShifts, to appear in the Proceedings of the 2011 San Marino Workshop in Astrophysics and Cosmology for Matter and Antimatter
[20] A. Enders and G. Nimtz, "On superluminal barrier traversal," Journal Phys 1. France 2 (1992), 16931698.
[21] G. Nimta, D"Do evaniscent modes violate relativistic causalituy?" Lectures Notes in Physics, SpringerVerlag, BerlinHeidelberg (2006).
[22] G. Nimtz, Experimental confirmation of superluminal communications, to appear in the Proceedings of the 2011 San Marino Workshop in Astrophysics and Cosmology for Matter and Antimatter
[23] A. L. Kholmetskii, T Yarman, O.V. Missevitch, Detection of extra energy shift between emission and absorption lines in Mšssbauer experiments in rotating systems, to appear in the
Proceedings of the 2011 San Marino Workshop in Astrophysics and Cosmology for Matter and Antimatter
[24] A.L. Kholmetskii, O.V. Missevitch, and R. SmirnovRueda, Experimentally Observed Anomalously Small Retardation of Bound Electromagnetic Fields in Near Zone and Possible Physical Implications, to appear in the Proceedings of the 2011 San Marino Workshop in Astrophysics and Cosmology for Matter and Antimatter,
For a DVD in the lecture, please visit Level V of the
[25] A. Bunthaler, H. Falcke, G. C. Bower et al., III Zw2, The first superluminal jet in a Sayfert galaxy, A&A 2000; 357, L45.
]26] R. M. Santilli, Hadronic Mathematics, Mechanics and Chemistry, Volumes I, II, III, IV and V, \ International Academic Press 2008,
[27] I. Gandzha and J Kadeisvili , New Sciences for a New Era:
Mathematical, Physical and Chemical Discoveries of
Ruggero Maria Santilli, Sankata Printing Press, Nepal (2011),
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2. Studies on longitudinal waves.
The need for longitudinal waves has been accounted for in the talk by P. Enders, who has proposed a modification of Maxwell's theory, basing on his axiomatic approach presented in gthe paper
P. Enders, Towards the Unity of Classical Physics, Apeiron 16 (2009) 2244;


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